DALL-E’s: outpainting beyond the picture’s border

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Outpainted The Girl with a Pearl Earring by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer

The Open AI text-to image generator DALL-E 2 has just announced a new, exciting feature for their web app. The “outpainting” function allows users to extend existing images and works of art with uniquely generated content that is sure make them stand out from the crowd!

The new “outpainting” feature of DALL-E 2 is incredible. It allows you to extend existing images and works with AI generated content, which makes it super fun!

Until now, users were limited with the size and aspect ratio of what they could create with DALL-E 2. The AI program could only generate 1,024-pixel by 1,024-pixel squares—anything larger or a different shape was out of the question.

Outpainting works as an extension to DALL-E 2. Users select a 1,024-pixel by 1,024-pixel square area where they want to extend the image to and can specify any additional prompts to guide the AI. For example, to add more of a background to the astronaut on a horse, you could change the prompt to “an astronaut riding a horse on the moon with stars in the background in the style of Andy Warhol.”

For each outpainted section, DALL-E 2 will offer up four possibilities for users to select. If none of them work for the image, you can get it to try again. 

Most impressively, outpainting “takes into account the image’s existing visual elements—including shadows, reflections, and textures.” This means that any details added “maintain the context” of the image and can really look like part of a coherent whole. 

Girl with a Perl Earring Outpainted using DALL-2

In DALL-E 2’s announcement of outpainting, there’s a timelapse showing Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer being extended to around 20 times its original size. Instead of a simple portrait, it shows a young woman standing in a cluttered house. It’s fascinating to see because so long as you don’t look too closely, it really does look like an extension of the original painting. The overall style and mood is spot on. It’s almost like an imaginary behind the scenes shot.

So What is Inpainting and Outpainting?

Inpainting and outpainting are two digital image editing techniques used to enhance the aesthetics of images. Inpainting, also known as retouching or restoration, is a process whereby small details in an image are selectively touched up or replaced with new elements. For example, small blemishes on a face can be removed, or more intricate details such as wrinkles or lines can be added to give an image a more realistic feel. Outpainting involves creating new elements from scratch and adding them into an existing image. This technique can be used to add a certain feeling or mood to an image by adding elements such as shadows, sky effects, or other special effects that weren’t present before. Both techniques allow for the manipulation of photos and images at a much deeper level than simply cropping or resizing.

In addition to aesthetic enhancement, inpainting and outpainting can also be used for practical purposes — for example, repairing a damaged photo by obscuring missing sections of the image with similar-looking details taken from other parts of it. It is also possible to use these techniques to remove objects from photographs (like removing someone from a family photo) without leaving any visible trace of their absence. Furthermore, these methods are increasingly being used in medical imaging technologies to diagnose diseases based on examining minute differences between multiple images of the same body part taken at different times.

Overall, inpainting and outpainting provide exciting possibilities for digital art creation and manipulation while allowing us to take full control over our images in ways that were previously not possible with traditional photography methods.

Outpainting – What It Does

Outpainting is similar to inpainting but the end result differs in that it adds entirely new elements onto an existing scene. This method is used for creative purposes such as creating surrealistic landscapes or other imaginative compositions. Outpainting often involves painting over existing photographs with digitally created images or textures thereby creating a hybrid digital-realistic look.

Both inpaintinng and outpaintinng involve manipulating pixels on an image but the methods and goals differ significantly between the two processes. While inpaintinng focuses on restoring features or correcting errors within an existing photograph, outpaintinng concentrates on adding unique details that would otherwise not exist in the picture. Ultimately, both techniques can be used together to create highly detailed and visually appealing digital artworks that would not otherwise be possible without them.

Inpainting – Is Different to Outpainting

Inpainting is used to restore an image to its original state by removing elements that are no longer wanted – such as blemishes, artifacts, or other flaws. Outpainting, on the other hand, is used to enhance an image with the addition of new elements. This can include using filters, textures, and distortions to make

Try Outpainting Yourself For Free

If you want to try outpainting, you will need to sign up to DALL-E 2. Open AI is currently operating a rolling waitlist. If you want to sign up, you can do so here

About the author 

Charlotte Rivington

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